Are There Any International Agreements To Control Global Warming

COP19 (Warsaw, 2013): The parties agreed on an “international loss and damage mechanism” that recognizes that adverse effects will be inevitable if containment is not rapid enough and countries are not able to adapt to the resulting climate change. Developing countries want this mechanism to be a channel through which they can claim compensation from countries with high greenhouse gas emissions for this damage. The next conference will be COP21 in Paris in 2015, where the parties will agree on a comprehensive and legally binding agreement. COP15 (Copenhagen, 2009): the negotiations did not bring the necessary progress and the conference ended only with a weak agreement called the Copenhagen Accord, which did not impose any firm commitment of action on any country. Moreover, as not all parties to the UNFCCC accepted the agreement, it remained unofficial. However, the Copenhagen Accord contained some important aspirations. He called on developed countries to make $30 billion available to developing countries by 2012 as “quick-start financing” to help them adapt to climate change and mitigate climate change. He also called on these countries to increase this figure to $100 billion per year by 2020. The Copenhagen Accord also acknowledged the scientific view that, to avoid dangerous climate change, the average increase in global temperature should not exceed pre-industrial levels of 2°C and called on countries to take non-binding measures to reduce their emissions. However, the kyoto protocol`s targets are being questioned by climate change deniers, who condemn strong scientific evidence of human impact on climate change. A prominent scientist believes that these climate change deniers are “well” contrary to the idea of the Rousssau social contract, which is an implicit agreement between members of a society to coordinate efforts in the name of general social utility.

The climate change deniers movement hinders efforts to reach agreements on climate change as a collective global society. [139] To stabilize, global greenhouse gas emissions must peak and then decline. [63] The lower the desired level of stabilization, the more likely this peak and decline is to occur (see figure opposite). [63] For some level of stabilisation, larger emission reductions in the near future will subsequently allow for less stringent emission reductions. [64] On the other hand, less stringent short-term emission reductions for a given stabilisation level would subsequently require more stringent emission reductions. [64] Monitoring, reporting and review of implemented actions (MRV) includes a transparency framework that will not be intrusive or punitive, but must serve to build trust between different actors. . .

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